Antibiotics are the medicines used to prevent and treat bacterial infections. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines.
Antibiotic resistance is rising to dangerously high levels in all parts of the world.
A growing list of infections – such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, blood poisoning, gonorrhoea, and foodborne diseases are becoming harder to treat as antibiotics are becoming less effective.
Antibiotic resistance is accelerated by the misuse and overuse of antibiotics.
Steps to reduce the impact and spread of resistance are:
- Only use antibiotics when prescribed by a certified health professional.
- Never share or use leftover antibiotics.
- Strengthen policies, programmes, and implementation of infection prevention and control measures.
Many more steps to be taken by the individuals and the policy makers to prevent the spread of resistance.